Diets loaded with sugar, poor oral hygiene, and predisposing factors often result in cavities (decay). Cavities can go undetected and often do not cause pain until the decay has entered the nerve of the tooth. If decay is caught early enough it is usually a straightforward fix. The Kelowna dentist must remove all the tooth structure that is infected with decay.
It then becomes necessary to replace the missing tooth structure with filling material. As the name would imply a filling replaces parts of the tooth that have been removed, restoring the function, and often times the aesthetics of the tooth. When the time comes to having a tooth filled you will have a choice between several types of filling materials including white (composite), gold and silver (amalgam). There are different benefits to each type of filling material. Our dentist and staff in Kelowna can help patients, including children and teens with their decision and carefully consider all the options in order to determine which one works best for their particular situation.
White or composite filling material has become very popular and is the material of choice for most fillings. Composite materials have become more reliable and stronger over the years. They can be blended in with the color of teeth to create a natural look that is virtually indistinguishable from the surrounding tooth being repaired. This makes composite fillings the best choice when a cavity is being fixed in an area of the mouth that is visible to other people. Composite fillings rely on a bonding agent or “glue” that seals the margins and adheres the filling to the tooth. In some instances composite fillings can be more sensitive initially than other choices.
For those patients looking for a long-term solution gold can provide a restoration that may last a life time. Gold has been used as a filling material for hundreds of years. Its hardness is similar to enamel and is malleable enough to smooth and seal at the preparation margin. Gold restorations are long-lasting and incredibly durable. In situations where a person is looking for the longest lasting material possible, and aesthetics are not a concern, gold is probably the best choice available. The disadvantages of gold include color and cost. Fillings that will be visible when a person smiles or opens their mouth will be noticeable if gold is used.
Silver or amalgam fillings were once the most common filling material used to fill teeth in the back of the mouth. They are durable, self-sealing and can last for a long time. However, concerns over mercury content and their aesthetic disadvantages have seen the popularity of this filling material diminish significantly. Today the main advantage of amalgam is its lower cost.
At the Advance Dental Group our team of professionals and general dentists can help you understand all the options available to fix decay and get your mouth back in tiptop shape in virtually no time so you can go back to eating and drinking the foods and beverages you love. If you require more information give us a call today.